The whole process of growing apples in intensive orchards
• The entire process of apples growing in intensive orchards
Super-garden - a real city for apples. Bookmark the garden begins with an analysis of the soil. Soil samples taken from a depth of 2-2, 5 meters. You need to be well, and many in one place. And just to be near a water source. Further pochvopodgotovka: layout and patterning for a uniform moisture distribution in the garden.
Installation of support structures - Wallpapers - at a depth of 0, 8 m for a reliable support of dwarf rootstocks. Between the concrete pillars in each row are tensioned steel cables to tie them brittle trees in several places. Such trees are simply not able to sustain their crops themselves.
The selection and training of high-quality seedlings - mega important task. Dwarf rootstocks brought here as such. Before planting the roots for a while immersed in water. On the survival rate is very strongly influenced by the weather, so under the table, keep the drum.
are planted, tied up and cut trees by hand.
Each trunk is wrapped fine mesh - a protection against rodents.
The organization of the drip irrigation system begins at the stage of planning. Redundant drive pumping stations, laying line pipes, the filters and drip lines - to deliver moisture under each root.
Perfectionists are rejoicing!
In order to repair the garden is organized nursery. There will be growing "spare parts".
Crop. On the trellis have caps on for the subsequent installation of anti-hail nets.
The work between the rows are produced using just such tractors. Attachments - for all occasions.
Antihail mesh protects the fruit from hail, the scorching sun, creates a favorable microclimate inside the garden.
And here is the harvest. Access to the full fruition in these gardens is much faster than the ordinary. For the third year from the date of bookmarks promises an industrial crop. Fructification of the garden of the extensive type would have to wait 6-10 years.
The yield 50-70 tons / ha instead of the usual 20. Including the expense of stocking density.
The hives of bees for pollination are also installed in the immediate vicinity of the garden. Apple honey - a by-product of horticulture.
The collection of early varieties begins in July. The early apples are stored and immediately implemented. Most late varieties - October.
For every 150 hectares of the garden need to build storage for 5 thousand. Tons of apples.