The nuances of the code of honor of Chechens
The Chechens have their own code of honor - "nohchalla". This word can not be translated, but each Nokhcho know what it is - a set of unwritten rules pertaining to ethics, morals and ethics that guide representatives of this nationality from time immemorial.
The hospitality and friendliness of
Nokhcho character from childhood to educate traditional Chechen family knight, gentleman, diplomat, defender of courageous and reliable friend - a tribute to the historical past of the mountain people.
Living conditions Chechens have always been difficult - mountainous terrain, obviously non-resort atmosphere. From here Nokhcho special attitude to the guest, who in the old days, not being accepted for the night, I could have died from cold or hunger, or knife robber attacks of wild beasts. By law, the ancestors of the Chechens guest must be invited into the house, warmed, fed, Nokhcho sure to offer a person a night - all this is strictly observed.
Politeness and flexibility (up to certain limits, of course) too, the Chechens in the blood - to miss each other on the narrow mountain roads and trails of Chechnya, vital tact and restraint, otherwise brawlers simply run the risk of fly over the precipice. Harsh living conditions in the mountains can be explained as such traditional character traits Nokhcho as mutual assistance, mutual aid - Chechen help his fellow countryman, in any case, even at the risk of his own life.
Neither Barinov or serfs
"Nohchalla" does not imply the existence of any caste and class divisions in Nokhcho - among the representatives of the people over the centuries of its existence has never existed either landlords or serfs - Chechens own hierarchical subordination. Even if e Nokhcho a privileged position, he would not show it the rest - to show their superiority over others considered unworthy of the Chechens. On the contrary, Nokhcho in this case should be especially courteous and friendly, so as not to hurt the feelings of another. For example, horse necessarily Chechen first greeted with horseless. Moreover, Nokhcho obliged to dismount from his horse, if a counter over it.
If the friendship is stronger than steel
For each Chechen even more than a brother. "Nohchalla" defines friendship between Nokhcho as something unshakable - and sorrow, and the joy of fellow Chechens bisect. Manifestations of inattention or discourtesy to his brother Nokhcho can still forgive. But if it relates to the other - will not be forgiveness.
particular concern to women
Chechen code of honor implies deference as the woman herself (mother, wife) and its relatives. "Nohchalla" commands Nokhcho as a sign of special respect to those who are in a relationship with his mother and wife to dismount from his horse even before the village where they live.
In Nokhcho is a parable about a traveler, ask for the night. Chechens did not know that in addition to the hostess in the house was empty. Woman on the rules could not be a guest, and he himself, if he knew that stays with her one-on-one, no way would not spend the night - it's Chechen laws, to put it mildly, is dishonorable. The guest was fed and put to bed. Only the next morning Chechen guessed that the owner of the house was alone and did not go all night, sitting in the front. When the guest was washing, he accidentally touched a brush female little finger. Leaving the house, a Chechen cut off the finger with a knife, so prodemonstrirova in a special relationship to honor his adopted Chechens.
Do not pride, but pride of
It is well known that the Chechens - a very proud and independent people, they do not accept coercion. This is also a "nohchalla". Nokhcho - for centuries the defenders, warriors. Feel free and constantly defend freedom - a vital necessity Chechen. At the same time, of freedom from Nokhcho coexists with respect for others.
"Nohchalla" teaches Chechen Gentile respect even more than the Muslims because it is believed that the application of co-religionists insult Almighty can forgive because the offender and the offended have the chance to meet in the main judgment seat. And the injustice to which Nokhcho condemned Gentile unforgivable - in the world to such a meeting is not going to happen, and it turns out sin forever remain indelible.