The Su-35 surprises the world
• The Su-35 surprises the world
Ten years ago the first flight of the fighter Su-35. On the history of creation, the combat potential and why this aircraft is often compared with foreign counterparts.
February 19, 2008 in the sky Russian multipurpose generation fighter first flew "4 ++" Su-35. Piloted aircraft Honored Test Pilot of the Russian Federation, Hero of Russia Sergey Bogdan.
production Su-35s began to be produced from 2011 to Komsomolsk-on-Amur Aircraft Production Association, but the Russian army was passed only last year. After a baptism of fire in Syria fighter on the sky spoke the whole world.
It is noteworthy that under the symbol "Su-35" since 1992 at international air shows were shown modifications of the Su-27. The modernized Su-27M were created by order of the military in the 1980s, and in the 90s their production was discontinued due to lack of funding.
The concept of the new multi-purpose fighter (followed by the name of Su-35 was retained) was finally formed by the mid-2000s. The new aircraft needed to significantly improve weapons systems, make changes to the airframe of the machine and its power plant.
By the way, the idea of creating a management information system (MIS) for modern aircraft in the past year by the RF Prime Group employees "Dry" prize was awarded in the field of science and technology. ICS was originally born in the project of the fifth generation fighter studies, but first she realized it was the Su-35.
It was created in such a way to fly and fight in such circumstances, where the "classic" fighters could not keep fighting.
"Thirty-five" has become a deep modernization of the frontline Su-27 to significantly improve the effectiveness of combat employment of air, ground and sea targets. As the developers in the construction of the Su-35 most successful technical solutions have been applied, used previously on aircraft Su-27 and Su-30.
When creating Su-35 retreated from the aerodynamic configuration with canards (as in SU-33 and SU-30MKs) and returned to the classical (SU-27).
construction strengthened airframe, which increased the maximum take-off weight of the machine. This made it possible significantly to increase the fuel supply (in internal tanks 35 carries the Su-11, 3 to 9 tons, 4 Su-27).
In addition, the fighter can use external fuel tanks of 2,000 liters each. Combat load remains the same as the Su-27 - eight tons. Number hardpoints for mounting precision missiles and bombs increased from 10 to 12. Two - for placing containers EW.
Aircraft length - 21 9 m wingspan - 14, 75 m, height - 5, 9 m maximum takeoff weight -. 34 500 kg, the maximum speed - 2,500 km / h, the maximum flying distance without external fuel tanks (PTB) - 3600 km, from the PTB - 4500 km.
Practical ceiling - 20 thousand meters appointed by the manufacturer of the aircraft life -.. 6 thousand hours or 30 years, engine resource -. 4 thousand hours..
In the armament of the Su-35 includes a set of guided missiles of "air - air" and "air - surface", as well as rockets and bombs of various calibers. Fighter also equipped GSh-30-1 30 mm (ammo - 150 rounds).
The Su-35 is equipped with turbojet engines with afterburner and managed in the same plane thrust vectoring AL-41F1S. In this case, it does not require any special control systems.
For maneuverability meets the engine 117C.
117C is designed on the basis of their predecessors of the AL-31F installed on the Su-27 aircraft, but differs from them increased thrust 14, 5 tons (against 12, 5), a great resource, and reduced fuel consumption.
With regard to the mode of stability and controllability, maneuverability, aerodynamics of the Su-35, as told in an interview with Tass test pilot Sergei Bogdan, here they all passed and grasped "and from".
"But as the battle mode, there are a lot of specifics. I have a lot to deal with them, but not all tested. It's just not physically possible - to do everything, as the plane flies on different bases. There are different modes, with which I am familiar not fly, but only on the video footage, "- he said.
The most important difference from the Su-35 fighter generation "4 +" - the presence on board of a fifth-generation avionics. Radar complex with phased array "Irbis" has unique characteristics to date for target detection range (up to 200 km). He is able to simultaneously track up to 30 targets and direct missiles at eight of them, while continuing to view the airspace.
"If, for example, during air combat for airplane tied the enemy, then at the top you can speed turn around its axis, search for destinations and instant attack. From the airplane to the rear, it's hard to break away, and it shows, as the Su-35 can leave the situation without losing the stability and controllability. It performs a turn of 360 degrees to find a potential enemy and then continues his maneuver. "
Now in combat units it shipped about 70 units. This year, the Russian Defense Ministry were armed with ten Su-35. In total, up to 2020-th is expected to supply 50 units. 24 aircraft by 2019 is to get China, recently signed a contract for the supply of 11 fighters of Indonesia ...