Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships

• Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships

Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships

Travel on seas and oceans have always been unpredictable. When the ship strayed off course, and his team would not even see the ground, suddenly appeared in the distance saving beacon lights.

The first lighthouse were huge bonfires, which are bred on the high bank, but the most famous lighthouse in history is the Lighthouse of Alexandria - one of the wonders of the world.

Today let's talk about lighthouses - guiding lights for vehicles.

Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships

The earliest lighthouses were bonfires on the banks of the divorced. They Greeks and Phoenicians designated dangerous passages.

Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships

Later, as the light source used coal, rapeseed oil or kerosene.

Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships

At the dawn of seafaring, when the lighthouse was very little, and they were the most primitive, it went to the bottom of a lot of ships. Sometimes, that courts have been able to cross oceans and violent storms, but they were killed at the entrance to the port.

Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships

The most famous lighthouse is considered to be the Lighthouse of Alexandria - one of the 7 wonders of the world. He was still in the III century BC. e. in the Egyptian city of Alexandria, that ships could pass safely reefs.

Picture Lighthouse of Alexandria, 1909:

Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships

The total height majestic building was 120-140 meters, and its light was visible at a distance of 60 km. More precisely, the ships at night helped the reflection of the flames, and in the afternoon - a pillar of smoke. In the 14th century the lighthouse was completely destroyed by the earthquake lasted about 1600 years.

Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships

In some countries, the beacons can be fraught with danger for sailors: Pirates are often lit the false lights, guiding ships on the rocks with intent to rob.

Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships

One of the most important stages of development of the lighthouses was the invention in 1820 of the Fresnel lenses, will significantly increase the power of light - up to 80 000 cd, and the light source was only a burning fuse! This is approximately equal to the light intensity lights of the modern car.

Fresnel lens at the National Maritime Museum in Paris:

Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships

In the early 20th century were invented burner in which oil is supplied under pressure, and soon the Fresnel lens can produce already to one million candles.

Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships

In the 1920s, it has become popular over the familiar incandescent electric lamps. They are still the main means of illumination. In combination with a lamp of only 250 watts the Fresnel lens can produce several hundred thousand suppositories.

Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships

Currently, the most powerful lighthouse in the world, located in France, pierces the night sky in a dazzling beam of 500 million candles.

Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships

The very first lighthouse on the territory of Russia is considered to be a beacon Dagerortsky (Kõpu), built in 1531. In general, the construction of lighthouses boom in Russia is associated with the development of the fleet under Peter I.

Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships

Lighthouses are divided into large and small, and they, in turn,

  • onshore - installed on the shore;
  • Marine - beacons installed on ships. They are used away from the shore and at the entrances to the port.
Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships

Large beacons are high towers.

Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships

The first modern lighthouse was launched in 1732 at the mouth of the River Thames near London. Although in recent years have given way to the sea lighthouses automatic buoys.

Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships

On the large sea (floating) lighthouses usually permanent crew present. Also, they require large expenditures for construction and operation.

Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships

If you take the most famous landmark, the Statue of Liberty in New York from 1886 to 1902 it was used as a lighthouse.

Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships

Currently, these romantic buildings - lighthouses - fading. They are replaced by satellite navigation devices, beacons and other cheaper and more accurate tools.

Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships

Occupation "lighthouse caretaker" is also a thing of the past, because all the processes in these facilities for a long time automated.

Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships

Many of the lighthouses have become just monuments, but still attracts tourists and photographers for its beauty.

Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships

In some countries, even lighthouses are under state protection as a unique monuments bearing a long history of seafaring.

Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships Interesting facts about the guiding lights of the ships