15 billionaires who were once very poor
According to "Forbes" for 2016, the world's total in 1810 billionaires. On some of them you have heard (Bill Gates or Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook creator). And others, you probably do not know, even if you use their products (eg, David Murdock, owner of Dole Food Company). What have they done to so damn rich? Of course, some of them inherited a fortune, but on our list of 15 lucky, do not miss the chance to make billions on their own.
15. Ralph Lauren
If you have ever in my life caught in the mall or watching a fashion magazine, then you have heard the name- Ralph Lauren. He was more than a modest beginning of a career. He was born in New York's Bronx in a poor family of immigrants from Belarus, his name was Livshits (subject of constant ridicule from peers, Ralph succeeded her at the first opportunity).
Ralph dropped out of college and served in the army for several years. Then he began to work the seller of clothing in the "Brooks Brothers", later moved to the company "Rivetz & Co" designer tie. Inspired by "The Great Gatsby", Ralph came up with a new model of the tie and started looking for ways to sell their ideas. The first model he sewed from scraps, he goes round to the shops, and eventually sold the department store "Bloomingdale", earning his first year $ 500 000. Later, he found an investor and things went uphill. Today he has more than 100 stores around the world, a net worth of more than $ 5 billion.
With a personal fortune of $ 7, $ 5 billion, Ralph Lauren is on the list of 200 richest people in the world; He is listed in the 57 richest people in the line of the US rating and 165 in the world by the magazine "Forbes".
14. Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey - American television host, actress, producer, social activist and host of the talk show. Forbes called it the ninth most influential woman in 2005, and the first - in 2007, the most powerful man in show business in 2009, the most influential celebrity in 2010 and 2013. In 2013, the state of the Oprah Winfrey was estimated at $ 2, 8 billion - more than in any other women in the entertainment business. She became the first black woman billionaire in history. Her record for the length of time in the list of 100 most influential people of the year (according to Time magazine opinion). Winfrey owns a movie studio, magazine, resource Oprah.com, radio, and cable TV channel OWN: The Oprah Winfrey Network. Her childhood was not easy: Oprah brought her mother and grandmother, both not very good and wise. Oprah says that at age 9 she was raped and became pregnant and lost the baby in 14 years. After that, the mother sent her to live with her father in Nashville, Tennessee. There, her life changed dramatically: a strict father removed the huge attention to education and discipline, and Oprah started to seriously engage. In 17 years, she has studied at the university, and soon became the youngest reporter and the first black female reporter Nashville television. In 1976 she moved to Baltimore TV assistant six o'clock news, and has become one of the leading morning talk show, "says Baltimore." Then it came to the first and the glory - and the subsequent history of its success the whole world knows.
13. Joanna Rolling
Only a small percentage of writers - Millionaires, and only one of them is a billionaire -. It's JK Rowling. If you are not familiar with her books, you probably lived in the forest over the past two decades. But Rowling has not always enjoyed life as it is now (you know, now it buys all the expensive shoes and gives a lot of money to charity). The first marriage ended in divorce writer, and she was left alone with their young daughter. Rowling has struggled with depression and was sitting on the dole, trying to feed herself and her daughter. One day she decided to start writing - she always wanted to do just that. She sat down and began to write, and so to get her first book in the Harry Potter series. After it was completed, a book rejected many publishers, but in the end, a gifted writer tore his jackpot, and in the literal sense. Her story is truly amazing, she is an inspiration to millions of people - writers, women are depressed, single mothers and anyone else who wants to succeed.
12. Jack Ma
Jack Ma is the founder of Alibaba, the online store. But before he reached its capitalization in excess of $ 25 billion, he was just an ordinary guy. Jack was born in China, and his parents were artists, "Ping Tang" (singing songs and telling stories). He twice failed to pass college entrance exams - was not good at math (we can not help but wonder, billions in his bank accounts have changed if the situation). Anyway, he eventually graduated from teacher training college and became a teacher, earning about $ 12 a month. Yes, it's about the price of two cups of coffee at Starbucks. Oddly enough, the billionaire said that he would like to return to the old life, when he earned $ 12 a month, because now he does not know how to spend their billions. We have his problems!
11. Kevin Plank
You probably know the brand Under Armour (equipment), especially if you're familiar with hashtags and #LegDay #WorkoutWednesday. Kevin Plank used the personal savings of $ 16, 000 to start a business. He created a special synthetic fabric for sportswear, and in 1996 founded the company Under Armour. A first year of selling products to their teammates and other athletes from college, driving around in an old Ford Explorer and offering its innovative product.
But he's not a bit spoiled, having lost absolutely all your money in gambling. He lost everything. Fortunately, Kevin Plank got quite a big check from the Georgia Institute of Technology, to cover the bills. He took advantage of a second chance, and worked long and hard: Now, Planck has a net worth of $ 3 billion in revenue Under Armour estimated at $ 1, 8 billion, and American football star signed sponsorship contracts with his company.
10. Jan Koum
Many of us use WhatsApp messenger, to communicate with family and friends, at a distance of thousands of kilometers or more quarters. You may be surprised, but his creator Ian Qom, which is now "worth" more than $ 8 billion, was once very poor. Yan Borisovich was born in Ukraine and grew up in Fastiv Kyiv region Ukrainian SSR. The house Kuma was no electricity and hot water. After emigrating to the United States with his mother at age 16, they are healed they are very modest - on welfare, taking advantage of meal vouchers. Self-taught mastered computers Kum got a job in Yahoo, which gradually made a programming career. After it was rejected and not accepted a job at Facebook, WhatsApp Jan invented (which ultimately is Facebook, and acquired in 2014 for the astounding sum of $ 16 billion). After this record deal 36-year-old Jan Koum joined the Facebook board of directors and became the largest single shareholder of Mark Zuckerberg's Facebook post. Forbes estimated personal fortune of Yan Borisovich at $ 8 billion. An inspiring example of a native of Fastova!
9. Howard Schultz
Even despite the fact that the price of their coffee is obviously overestimated, many of us every morning, look in your local Starbucks. In the end, there may not be a better place, where a variety of delicious flavors frappuccino. But the man responsible for our morning coffee, Howard Schultz grew up in a difficult situation in the first quarter of social housing in Brooklyn. When he was just seven years old, his father was injured and could not work anymore, while having no health insurance. This left the family without means, and Howard had a very young age to take out loans, earn money and even be a blood donor, to pay for his studies at the college. It sounds awful - to sell their blood for money. Today, Howard did not need to sell anything, the net value of its assets of about $ 3 billion.
8. John Paul DeJoria
John Paul DeJoria - one of the founders of the brands Paul Mitchell (line of products for the ox) and Patrón. Before he became a multi-billionaire, he even had to sleep in the car. His German-Italian parents divorced when he was two years old, and up to 10 years, he sold newspapers and Christmas cards to help his family. Subsequently, he was sent to live with a foster family in Los Angeles. Some time Dedzhoriya was in one of the street gangs of Los Angeles, and then went to the army. After military service, he took in the amount of $ 700 credit and founded John Paul Mitchell Systems. He pestered everywhere offered their shampoo, and lived in his car. But the quality of the product it was certainly high, and sooner or later it is appreciated: Now its annual turnover of the company is $ 900 million. That's really really - from rags to riches!
7. Francois Pinault
What have in common brands Gucci, Yves-Saint and Alexander McQueen, besides the fact that it is all high-end brands? It turns out that they all belong to a company called Kering (formerly PPR), which is owned by François Pinault. You can imagine how much he is rich. And once I teased him so much poverty, that he chose to quit high school. François started working in the timber trade, and succeeded, and during periods of market decline, he began to buy up small companies at a low price. Today, the net value of its assets at about $ 15 billion, and its history is one of the best examples of true determination and perseverance, as well as many others in this list. Introducing what idiots feel those bullies that teased him at school!
6. Shahid Khan
A native of Pakistan Shahid Khan came to the US at age 16, and began learning the profession of engineer in college. After obtaining a degree in the University of Illinois Khan has decided to focus on creating automotive components. A revolution in the industry made them designed bumper design for trucks - a unique piece was able to make cars lighter and thus gave them stability on the road. The idea took on arms manufacturer Flex-N-Gate, and the sales volume is currently estimated at $ 3, 4 billion.
5. David Murdoch
The head of Dole Food Company, owns a fortune of $ 2, 4 billion, he confidently takes its place in the Forbes list of billionaires for many, many years. Although today David Murdoch led the world's largest company for the production of fruits and vegetables, it was a thorny path. Dropped out of school in the ninth grade, he went to work at a petrol station, and in 1943 enlisted in the US Army. After the war, Murdoch settled in Detroit, Ohio, and he did not have a penny. The future billionaire and could become an alcoholic abyss, but someone has repented and has borrowed $ 900 Murdoch bought a small diner, but less than a year later sold it at exorbitant prices. He used the profits to buy a car and move to Arizona, where he began to build the house and established real estate empire, which later included the Dole Food Company. I assume he learned to profit from its fast-growing business - school or college he never graduated. Today David Murdoch do not need no one to borrow money. He donates a lot of research on healthy eating. He believes in the healthy food that really is going to live up to 125 years!
4. Carl Berg
The famous Californian businessman, a talented businessman, investor, billionaire - his net worth is about 1, 2 billion dollars. Carl Berg - CEO of Mission West Properties. This man is completely self-made man, as they say in America. His father died when Karl was only 10 years old, leaving him in the care of his mother. He worked two jobs to pay for their college, including labored in the hotel, and hoped to be able to find a job in investment banking. Luckily for him, he met the right people, and got a job at a mortgage company. Carl used the knowledge gained from a mortgage company to found his empire and eventually became one of the richest men in America.
3. Li Ka-shing
Li Ka-Shing left school at 15 to begin work on a plastics factory - and is now the richest man in Asia. Li Ka-shing family moved from mainland China to Hong Kong in 1940. His father died of tuberculosis when he was only 15 years old. Dropped out of school to start work, and to support my family, I make plastic flowers for export to the United States. He has worked 100 hours a week. By 1950, Lee was able to establish his own company - Cheung Kong Industries, and today his fortune in excess of $ 20 billion.
2. Harold Simmons
Harold Simmons - a businessman who used a concept known as a leveraged buyout (LBO) for the acquisition of companies. This means that it attracted considerable borrowed funds (those horrible credit) to acquire financing for business growth of companies and assets. The first time he tried the concept in practice, she brought him a $ 50 million Fast forward a few decades -. And this is Harold Simmons, already winner of the state worth $ 10 billion by 2013, when he died. He practically grew up in the barn, where there was no running water or electricity. But his parents found the opportunity to send him to study, and Harold earned a master's degree in economics.
1. Walt Disney
Walt Disney, obviously, is a household name, as most of us have grown up on such classics as "The Lion King," "Aladdin" and "Beauty and the Beast" (only a few examples), begging their parents to go to Disneyland, buy a suit someone from Disney characters and so on. Today, the company has total assets of nearly $ 90 billion. But what do we know about the man who started it all? Walt was one of five children in a poor family. As a teenager, he sold his drawings, to eat. In 1918, Walt began his career in commercial art. He founded a company called Laugh-O-Grams, but she soon went bankrupt. With just $ 20 (which is equal to about $ 400 today), he came to Hollywood. It was there that his talents were recognized and he started creating his empire, with the successful cartoon "Alice Comedies" (an animated series about a girl and a cat).