As our Soviet cosmonauts American "vodka" treated
• How do our Soviet cosmonauts American "vodka" treated
Soviet space program did not involve hunting for alien game, so we decided to give the food to them. Initially it was planned to create a nutritious pill that would be completely absorbed by the body and would not have taken away a lot of time for lunch. But this idea was soon abandoned in favor of a fully portable and ready-to-eat food in tubes.
The first person who ate a set meal in space, became a German Titov. In 1961, during the orbital flight daily to eat for it three times. Cannery prepared for him three sets of vegetable soup, mashed potatoes, liver pate and blackcurrant juice. After landing, however, he complained of dizziness Titov from hunger.
Two years later it was adopted to develop food program for astronauts, led by the Institute of Biomedical Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences. The menu has expanded rapidly. The diet appeared cakes with anchovies, Ukrainian borscht, steak, Pozharsky cutlets, chicken and much more.
During the test flight "Soyuz" - "Apollo" in 1975 the first Soviet cosmonauts boarded with the Americans. And they were treated beef tongue, Riga bread and vodka .... At least it showed label in several tubes.
tells the participant that feast Alexei Leonov:
"The idea to play the Americans belonged to me, in the Mission Control Center did not even know about it. I took with me to the ship with the label of vodka bottles, put them in a logbook, and tape I had. Once entered the orbit, I pasted labels on the tubes of soup. And he wrote a slogan from Shakespeare: "O brave new world that has such people." After docking sat at the table, we got Kubasov tubes of "vodka". Traditionally, for the meeting! Americans refuse - impossible to breach. And the camera show. I say: "I'm off, so that no one saw." And turn off. A shout from the Earth: "On!" In general, all open tubes and there is soup! "
By the way, over the 20 years the Soviet spaceships have supplied alcohol tincture and even tubes of brandy for special occasions. But in the early 80's we decided that even in small doses, alcohol can adversely affect the performance of astronauts.
The flowering of the orbital power industry came in the early 80s: if assortment includes more than 200 products. By the time the astronauts began to translate food in tubes on sublimated. Now the tubes are mainly used for seasoning.
Modern astronauts in terms of the power to be envied. Pork in sweet and sour sauce, quail, pike in Polish, sturgeon, honey gingerbread, fruit desserts ... And all of this for months without losing its flavor. Spacesuit lick!