The history of the ships, which have suffered from the "Bermuda Triangle"
Bermuda Triangle - an area in the Atlantic Ocean bounded by Florida and Bermuda, Puerto Rico and the Bahamas - is famous for the mysterious, mysterious disappearances of ships and aircraft. For many years, he brings a real terror on the population of the world - in fact the history of unexplained accidents and a ghost ship on everyone's lips.
Many researchers are trying to explain the anomaly of the Bermuda Triangle. Basically it is the theory of abduction ships aliens from outer space, or the inhabitants of Atlantis, moving through a hole in time, or breaks in the space and other paranormal causes. None of these hypotheses have not yet been confirmed.
Opponents of the "otherworldly" versions claim that reports of mysterious events in the Bermuda Triangle are greatly exaggerated. Ships and aircraft lost in other parts of the world, sometimes without a trace. Faulty radio or sudden disaster can prevent the crew to transmit a distress signal.
In addition, the search for the wreckage in the sea - a very difficult task. Also, the Bermuda Triangle area is very difficult to navigate: there a large number of shoals, often originate cyclones and storms.
A hypothesis to explain the sudden destruction of ships and aircraft emissions - for example, as a result of the collapse of methane hydrate on the sea floor where the density is reduced so that the ships can not stay afloat. Some suggest that the rising into the air, methane could cause the crash of the aircraft - for example, due to lower density of air.
It has been suggested that the cause of death of some vessels, including in the Bermuda Triangle may be so-called wandering waves that can reach a height of 30 meters. It is also assumed that the sea may be generated infrasound, which has an impact on the members of the crew of the vessel or aircraft, causing panic, causing people leave the ship.
Consider the natural features of the region - is really very interesting and unusual.
The area of the Bermuda Triangle is a little more than one million square kilometers. Here, huge shoals and deep troughs, the shelf with the shallow banks, the continental slope, edge and medial plateau, deep straits, abyssal plains, trenches, a complex system of ocean currents and atmospheric circulation confusing.
The Bermuda Triangle has several seamounts and hills. The mountains are covered by powerful coral reefs. Some seamounts rise on the ocean floor alone, others form a group. In the Atlantic Ocean, by the way, they are much lower than in the Pacific.
Here is the Puerto Rico Trench - the deepest part of the Atlantic Ocean. Its depth of 8742 meters.
Beneath the bottom of the Bermuda Triangle are mostly sedimentary rocks - limestone, sandstone and clay. The thickness of the layer ranges from 1-2 to 5-6 kilometers.
The smaller (southern) part of the triangle belongs to the tropical seas, large (northern) - subtropical. The water temperature at the surface ranges here from 22 to 26 ° C, but in shallow water, and so-
in the bays and lagoons and may be considerably higher. The salinity of water is only slightly above average - except, again, shoals, bays and lagoons where salinity may increase. The waters here are noticeably warmer than in other parts of the ocean in the same geographical latitudes because it is the warm Gulf Stream flows here.
In the Bermuda Triangle for quick, difficult or impedes the movement of ships, floating against him; it pulses, changing speed and location, and the changes it is absolutely impossible to predict; it creates an impact on the weather irregular vortexes, some with considerable force. On its border with warm water cooler surrounding waters frequent fog. Above the triangle trade winds blow - the constant winds in the Northern Hemisphere in the south-west, at a height of up to 3 kilometers. At high altitudes in the opposite direction of the blow countertrade.
In the southern part of the triangle, roughly between Florida and the Bahamas, in the year about 60 stormy days. In fact, every fifth or sixth day of the event of a storm. If we move to the north, in the direction of Bermuda, the number of storm days per year is increased, that is, the storm is already every fourth day. Very often devastating cyclones, hurricanes and tornadoes.
All this contributes to the fact that many lost ships and aircraft in the Bermuda Triangle. Perhaps, the reason is not so mysterious? But safe to say it is impossible, as there are still many unexplained mysteries.
In the Bermuda Triangle disappears very many ships and planes, even though at the time of the disaster is almost always good weather. Ships and aircraft are killed suddenly, the crews of the faults are not reported, distress signals are not sent. The wreckage of the aircraft and ships do not normally find, though searches are intense, with the involvement of all relevant services.
Often attributed to the Bermuda Triangle disaster occurred in reality far beyond its borders. We have selected the most famous victim of the Bermuda Triangle confirmed among the ships.
In August of 1840 near the capital of Nassau Bahamas French ship "Rosalie" was found drifting with their sails without a crew. The ship had no injuries and was quite suitable for swimming. It looked as if the team left the "Rose" a few hours ago.
January 31, 1880 of Bermuda British departed the training sailing ship "Atalanta", on board of which was 290 officers and cadets. On the way to England, it has disappeared without leaving a trace. "Atalanta"
The case was in the public spotlight, wrote about him daily "The Times", and even many months after the disappearance of a sailboat.
"The Times" (London), April 20, 1880, p. 12:. Avon "" Yesterday gunboat arrived in Portsmouth "The captain reported that the vicinity of the Azores, he noticed a huge amount of floating debris ... The sea is literally crawling with them Faial island harbor was filled with ships that have lost the mast and for all five.. days until the "Avon" remained on the roads Fayala, debris became more and more.
However, there was no evidence that any ship sank or were broken by the storm ... Some officers "Avon" believe "Atalanta", probably ran into an iceberg, but they categorically denied that the ship could capsize. "
Lawrence D. Kusche published in his book, excerpts from newspaper articles, official reports of the British Admiralty, and even the testimony of two sailors, according to which the "Atalanta" was a ship very unstable and with its 109 tons of water and 43 tons of ballast on board could easily capsize and drown even while low-energy storm.
It was rumored that the crew had only two more or less experienced officer who had been forced to stay in Barbados, as sick with yellow fever. Consequently, the ship floated 288 inexperienced sailors.
Analysis of meteorological data confirmed that since the beginning of February in the area of the Atlantic Ocean between Bermuda and Europe raged violent storms. Perhaps the ship was lost somewhere very far away from the Bermuda Triangle because of waiting his 3000 miles of track only 500 passed through the "triangle". Still, "Atalanta" is considered one of the confirmed victims of the "triangle".
An unknown abandoned schooner
In 1881, the British ship "Ellen Austin" met in the open ocean abandoned schooner, completely preserved seaworthiness and only slightly damaged. On the schooner tried several sailors, and both ships headed for St. John's, located on the island of Newfoundland. Soon the fog descended, and the court had lost sight of each other. A few days later, they met again, and again on the schooner was not a single living soul. Captain "Ellen Austin" wanted to land on another small schooner rescue the crew, but the sailors have categorically refused, arguing that the schooner is cursed.
This story has two extensions with different versions. In the first version of the captain, "Ellen Austin" tried to transplant to another schooner rescue the crew, but the men did not want to take more risks, and the schooner left in the ocean.
According to another version, the second rescue crew still was transplanted on a schooner, but then blew a flurry, the court went a considerable distance from each other, and neither of the schooner, nor its second crew has no one else has ever seen.
Joshua Slocum and his boat
Joshua Slocum, who managed the first in the history of mankind alone sailing bypass around the globe, disappeared in November 1909, making the relatively short transition from the island of Martha's Vineyard to the coast of South America - through the Bermuda Triangle.
sailing yacht "Spray"
November 14, 1909, he walked away from the island of Martha's Vineyard, and from that day on there was no news. According to those who knew the captain Slokama, he was too good a sailor, and "Spray" - too good boat, so they do not have coped with any of the usual difficulties which may prepare the ocean.
No one knows for sure what happened to him, although the lack of guesswork and versions were not. There are "credible" evidence of some sailors, and after that fateful date seen a live and unhurt Slokama in various ports of the world.
Over the years there have been many hypotheses proposed to explain his disappearance. In the end, he could descend hurricane of such force that his boat sank. "Spray" could burn. He could go to the bottom face of the night with some ship. In the coastal waters of the little boat collision with a large ship is not such a rarity. The lights on the yacht, is usually quite dull, sometimes not visible due to its own self-sails. Large ship could easily break into splinters 37-foot floor, and no one in this case would not have even felt the jolt.
Edward Rowe Snow in his book, "Mysterious events off the coast of New England," says that the yacht collided mail ship with a displacement of about 500 tons. "Case" Slokama engaged even the court, to understand a variety of evidence. According to the testimony of his son Victor Slokama father was in brilliant form, and the yacht virtually unsinkable.
It has even been suggested unconditional acceptance of some "experts" that Joshua Slocum allegedly was not happy in the marriage and therefore staged accident to hide and spend the rest of his days in seclusion.
March 1918 "Cyclops"
March 4, 1918 on the island of Barbados has departed the freighter "Cyclops" with a displacement of 19,600 tons, was carrying 309 people and a cargo of manganese ore. The ship had a length of 180 meters and was one of the largest in the Navy US.
"Cyclops" on the Hudson River, 1911
It was directed to Baltimore, but there has not arrived. It never send a signal "SOS" and does not leave any traces. Initially we thought that the vessel could be torpedoed by a German submarine, but at the time of German submarines was not there. According to another version, the ship hit a mine. However, the minefields were not here.
The US Department of the Navy after a thorough investigation issued a statement: "The disappearance of the" Cyclops "is one of the largest and most intractable of cases in the annals of the Navy. Just do not even set a place to crash, do not know the reasons for unhappiness, not found no trace of the ship. None of the proposed versions of the accident does not give a satisfactory explanation of the circumstances under which it was gone. " President Woodrow Wilson said that "only God and the sea know what happened to the ship." But one magazine wrote an article about if from sea water popped huge squid and pulled the ship into the sea.
In 1968, a diver Navy Heyvz Dean, a member of the team responsible for searching for lost nuclear submarine "Scorpion", found at a depth of 60 meters to 100 kilometers to the east of Norfolk, the ship wreck. Considering the later picture, "Cyclops", he assured that this ship was lying at the bottom.
"Cyclops" is still featured in the press, and not only as one of the characters in legends about the Bermuda Triangle. It was the first large vessel equipped with a radio transmitter, which disappeared without sending a signal "SOS", and the largest ship US naval fleet, which disappeared without leaving any traces.
Every year, in March, which marks the anniversary of his disappearance, article about this mysterious event is written again, updated the old and new theories are put forward, and probably for the hundredth time the audience has already become a famous picture "Cyclops". His disappearance and to this day still is not without reason called "the most unsolved mystery in the annals of the Navy."
"Carroll A. Deering"
Pyatimachtovaya Schooner "Carroll A. Deering," was discovered in January 1921, in the shallows of Diamond Shoals. She had no injuries, the sails were raised on the tables was the food, but the board did not have a soul, except for two cats.
The Crew "Deering" consisted of 12 people. I could not find any of them, and still do not know what happened to them. June 21, 1921 in the sea were caught with a note bottle, which, presumably, could be thrown by one of the crew members: "We are in captivity, are located in the hold, and handcuffed. As soon as possible inform the board of the company. "
Passions flared up even more when the captain's wife allegedly recognized the handwriting of the ship mechanic Henry Bates and graphology confirmed the identity of the handwriting on the note and on his papers. But after some time it found that the note was forged, and it even admitted by the author.
The judicial investigation, however, revealed important facts: January 29, schooner passed the lighthouse at Cape Lookout, North Carolina, and give signals that got into a dangerous situation, since the two lost ships' anchors.
Then he saw the schooner to the north of the lighthouse since a single vessel, while it behaved very strange. Weather reports at the beginning of February shall indicate a strong storm off the coast of North Carolina with winds whose speed reached 130 kilometers per hour.
November 29, 1925 the ship "Cotopaxi" came out of Charleston with a cargo of coal and headed for Havana. Passing through the center of the Bermuda Triangle, it has disappeared without leaving a trace and without having had time to send a signal "SOS". Neither the wreckage nor the crew were not found.
Cargo ship "Suduffko" came from Port Newark, New Jersey, and, taking a course to the south, had disappeared in the Bermuda Triangle. A company representative said that it had disappeared, as if swallowed giant sea monster.
The ship sailed from Port Newark March 13, 1926 and headed for the Panama Canal. Port of his destination was Los Angeles. It had a crew of 29 people and a weight of about 4000 tons, including a large batch of steel pipes.
The ship was moving along the coast, but on the second day after the departure of communication has been lost with him. The search for the vessel continued for a month, but it was not found any trace. However, weather reports and the testimony of Captain liner "Aquitaine", who was walking on the same course toward "Suduffko", confirm that in this area a tropical cyclone was held on March 14-15.
"John and Mary"
In April 1932, 50 miles south of Bermuda Greek schooner "Embirkos" found two-masted ship "John and Mary". Ship was abandoned, its crew mysteriously disappeared.
"Proteus" and "Nereus"
At the end of November 1941 from the Virgin Islands, the ship departed "Proteus", and a few weeks later - "Nereus". Both ships were heading to Norfolk, but none of them did not arrive at their destination, both disappeared under mysterious circumstances.
The United States was engaged in the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the declaration of war against Japan, so the disappearance of ships caused no response. The study of the archives after the war the German navy found that "Proteus" and "Nereus" could not be sunk by submarines.
October 22, 1944 at the coast of Florida have found a ship without a crew. The only living creature on board was a dog. The ship was in good condition except for the missing lifeboats and torn tow rope hanging from the nose of the ship.
Personal belongings of the crew members were also on board. The last entry in the logbook September 26 was made when the ship was still in the port of Havana. "Rubicon", apparently, walked along the coast of Cuba.
December 5, 1946 the schooner without crew was found in the sea. She followed the course of the capital of Nassau Bahamas on one of the islands - Grand Turk. On the boat everything was in order, the lifeboats were in their seats, only the crew disappeared.
In June 1950, the 120-meter cargo ship "Sandra", loaded with 300 tons of insecticides, came out of Savannah (GA) in Puerto Cabello (Venezuela) and disappeared without trace. Search operation began only after, when it was found his six-day delay to the place of arrival. By the way, an article about the case written by journalist E. Jones and published September 16, 1950, aroused great interest in the Bermuda triangle. Jones noted that "Sandra" is not the only vessel that disappeared here. Legend of the deadly triangle began to spread at an incredible speed.
In December 1954, in the Florida Straits disappeared tank landing ship "Southern District", converted into a cargo ship for transportation of sulfur. Distress signals were not detected any vessels at sea or shore stations. only lifeline was found.
The vessel "Southern District" with a displacement of 3337 tons came from Port Sulfur (Louisiana) with a cargo of sulfur in Bucksport (Maine). Destination was Portland.
The captain made contact third, followed by 5 December being already off the coast of Florida. On the boat everything was in order. December 7 was seen in storm waves in Charleston.
The Commission of Inquiry found that the ship apparently sank at the north-easterly wind. In an area dominated by the Gulf Stream, this wind enjoys a bad reputation because it is blowing directly against the current, the Gulf Stream making the turbulent bubbling flow, and even larger vessels in a hurry to get out of the way.
In July 1963, it disappeared 20-foot fishing boat to be taken when the weather is clear transition from Kingston (Jamaica) to the islands of Pedro Keys. The vessel was forty people more about them no one heard anything. It was reported that the wreckage of the ship, and items that belonged to members of the crew were found.
Mysterious disappearance occurred during the Christmas holidays in 1967. Two people on a small boat out of Miami Beach for a walk along the coast. They say they want to enjoy the festive illumination of the city from the sea.
Soon they reported on the radio that ran into the reef and damaged the propeller, the danger does not threaten them, but they are asked to drag them to the pier, and indicated its position: from buoy number 7. Rescue boat came to this place in 15 minutes, but found no one. alert was announced, but the search did not give any result, were found neither man nor boat nor the wreckage - all disappeared without a trace.
October 15, 1971 the captain of the cargo ship "El Kerib" bulge of the earth from Colombia to the Dominican Republic, said that the port of destination they arrive at 7 am the next day. After that, the ship disappeared. It was a fairly large cargo ship, the flagship of a Dominican merchant fleet, its length was 113 meters.
Ship was in the port of Santo Domingo with a crew of thirty men. It was equipped with an automatic alarm system, which in case of an accident will automatically send broadcast a distress signal. Judging by the last post, the ship at the time of the disappearance was in the Caribbean, at a considerable distance from Santo Domingo.