Another mystery of Easter Island
• Another mystery of Easter Island
Easter Island - one of the most isolated places in the world. Piece of land area of 164 square kilometers and is divided continent 3, 5, thousands of kilometers away, and the nearest inhabited island of Pitcairn is 2,200 kilometers away from the island.
Opened in 1722, the island of Dutch explorers discovered it the people on the level of technological development are at the stage of the Stone Age, and hundreds of huge statues of the origin and destination of which are scratching their heads more than one generation of scientists. We decided to find out why construction stopped and stone giants have disappeared indigenous inhabitants of the island.
Around the island are scattered a total of 887 statues. Their height ranges from 2 to 22 meters and weigh moai from 20 to 80 tons. Most of the statues were carved in the stone quarries of the volcano Rano Raraku from large-tahilitovogo basaltic tuff or tuffite. But several statues were made from other stones, such as trachea, red basaltic pumice, basalt and mudzhierit. 255 statues placed on ceremonial and burial ahu platforms. 45% of all moai (stone statues 397) is concentrated in the vicinity of the volcano Rano Raraku, while some of them have not been cut down to the end.
It is believed that the Rapa-Nui statues personified gods from whom depended on the weather and the harvest. Next to the idols they lit bonfires and dances staged to appease their patrons.
Across the island, a total of 887 statues scattered.
Construction idols effect on the forest resources of the island. Moving statues with stones, ropes and logs, and ritual fires next to them have led to the deforestation of the island. Planting new trees, no one did. When the timber reserves completely exhausted, famine on the island. Between the "long-eared" settlers of Peru and "korotkouhimi" Polynesian war began. Statues were thrown from their pedestals, no longer believe in their strength. It is assumed that, due to lack of resources on the island began to develop cannibalism.
The process of self-destruction of the once isolated ecosystem and its native inhabitants exacerbated sailors. After the opening of the Dutch island became a place of pilgrimage for sailors who wanted to witness the "primitive" people and giant stone sculptures. For the island and its inhabitants contact with civilization was no less devastating than the internecine wars. Isolated ecosystems has become a place of pilgrimage for sailors.
With a sailors imported previously unknown islanders disease and unprecedented for them items. Landed on the island with the sailors rats destroyed the last palm seeds. In the 19th century many of the Rapa-Nui taken into slavery. As a result, the already small population of the island in 1877 was reduced to 111 people.
The secret of making and moving giant statues last rapuniytsy carried away in the grave. Despite numerous experiments, scientists and archaeologists, they have not managed to get closer to unraveling the mystery of how a handful of Aboriginal primitive tools could move the island statue weighing several tens of tons, and put on their heads hats stone weighing a couple of tons.