The path to victory Marshal Vasilevsky
Aleksandr Vasilevsky participated in all the wars waged in the XX century, the Russian Empire and then the Soviet Union, and with each new war and a new battle to grow and develop its leadership talent, and the Vasilevsky rose higher up the career ladder .
The future Marshal
Wasilewski was born on September 16, 1895 in the village of New Golichiha Kineshma District. Neither his family nor the dreams of a boy in his childhood and youth did not foretell his future glorious military career. Son of the regent of the church and priest's daughter, both of his parents were Old Believers, Alexander wanted to enter the seminary, diploma on completion of which allows you to continue education in a secular school, and then to learn to be an agronomist or a surveyor.
The First World War
When the First World War, Alexander studied at the seminary in Kostroma. Unexpectedly for surrounding youth imbued with patriotic sentiments, the seminary exams early and goes to Alekseevskoe military school. At the front, at the time lacked the non-commissioned officer and officer training, but because of Aleksey was sent to the crash course, which lasted four months, and then to the rank of lieutenant - on the front. In the spring of 1916, he - the company commander, which soon came to be considered the best in the regiment. Ensign Alexander Vasilevsky participated at the legendary Brusilov breakthrough, and bravery was prematurely promoted to the rank, received the rank of captain.
The Civil War
When there was the October Revolution, the young officer was in Romania. News of the Petrograd events forced him to resign and leave the reserve. For a while he was a teacher, living in his native village. But the peaceful life Vasilevsky enjoys long. In April 1919, he was drafted into the Red Army as an assistant platoon commander. In December 1919, Vasilevsky - participant in the war with Poland. Over the next few years of his Army career was rapidly upwards.
Between the wars
In 1936, Alexis entered the Military Academy of the General Staff, where he graduated with honors, and was promoted to Head of the Department of Logistics Academy. In 1939, he was Deputy Head of the Operations Department of the General Staff, in the spring of 1940 - the first deputy head of the Operations Directorate. November 9, 1940 the same year as part of the Molotov Wasilewski sent a delegation to Berlin to take part in negotiations with Germany.
The Great Patriotic War
The Great Patriotic War broke out, Major-General Vasilevsky in the General Staff, as Deputy Chief of Operations. Less than two months later, he was appointed chief of operations and deputy chief of the General Staff. Chief of the General Staff was, as we know, Shaposhnikov.
Together with Shaposhnikov, Vasilevsky participated in meetings of the stakes in the Kremlin. And in December 1941 during the illness Shaposhnikov, Vasilevsky served as Chief of Staff. Vasilevsky has played a key role in organizing the defense of Moscow and the counter-offensive, which began in late 1941. In these tragic days, when the fate of Moscow, from October 16 to the end of November, he led a task force to serve the Bids. The responsibilities of the group vhodiloznat and properly evaluate the events at the front, kept informed of their headquarters, due to changes in front of the situation report to the Supreme Command your offer quickly and accurately develop plans and policies. Operations group, as can be seen from this list of responsibilities was the brain and the heart of the grand military operation, dubbed the Battle of Moscow.
In April 1942, Vasilevsky was awarded the rank of colonel in June of the same year he was appointed Chief of General Staff.
All the Battle of Stalingrad Vasilevsky, as a representative of GHQ, was in Stalingrad, engaged in coordinating the interaction of fronts. He played a decisive role in the reflection of Manstein's group. In January 1943, Vasilevsky was promoted to General of the Army, he was awarded the Order of Suvorov, 1 st degree. And less than a month, which is very unusual, he became Marshal of the Soviet Union.
It belongs to Vasilevsky's plan to conduct defensive operations, with subsequent transition to the offensive during the Battle of Kursk. He convinced Stalin and other members of the General Staff, to do just that. In the midst of the Battle of Kursk, he coordinated the actions of the Voronezh and Steppe Fronts. Tank battle at Prokhorovka Vasilevsky personally watched from a position of the command post. Vasilevsky planned and directed the operations for the liberation of Donbass, Crimea and southern Ukraine. On the day of the capture of Odessa in April 1944, Vasilevsky was awarded the "Victory". He became the second Knight Commander of the Order. The first was Zhukov.
When Sevastopol was released at the beginning of May 1944, Vasilevsky personally toured the city, and his car ran over a mine. Marshal was wounded. The wound was slight, but he had some time to be treated in Moscow.
However, in late May, Marshal Vasilevsky serving on the front to command the actions of the 1st Baltic and 3rd Belorussian Fronts during the operation "Bagration". For the liberation of the Baltic States and Belarus, Vasilevsky July 29, 1944 he was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union and the Order of Lenin and medal "Gold Star".
In February 1945, he died the commander of the 3rd Belorussian Front Chernyakhovsky. Vasilevsky was appointed in his place. In this capacity, he led the storming of Koenigsberg - operation entered into all military textbooks.
The war with Japan
Vasilevsky Stalin said about the plans to appoint him commander of Soviet forces in the Far East in the summer of 1944. When completed the East Prussian operation in April 1945, Vasilevsky was involved in the development plan of the war with Japan, while he enjoyed the rough draft, which it had made in the autumn of 1944. So plan Manchurian strategic offensive operation was prepared.
Preparations for the war in the Far East was carried out under the cover of the deepest secrets. This is evidenced by at least the fact that in Chita Vasilevsky arrived July 5, 1945 in the form of Colonel-General and with the documents on Vasilyeva name. July 30, he was appointed commander of Soviet forces in the Far East. Vasilevsky thoroughly acquainted with the situation in the Far East fronts, discussed the situation with the army commanders. Going on the offensive at dawn on 9 August Marshal Vasilevsky supervised personally.
Brilliant preparation operation has borne fruit: for the defeat of the Kwantung Army in Manchuria, Japan, numbering up to one million soldiers, took only 24 days.
For the victory over Japan, Aleksandr Vasilevsky was awarded the second medal "Gold Star".
After the war,
After the Victory Marshal Vasilevsky once again became the Chief of the General Staff. By the time of Stalin's death Wasilewski is in the position of Minister of War.
However, after coming to power, Khrushchev, Vasilevsky's career went down as Khrushchev saw him as Stalin's nominee. Vasilevsky was demoted to Deputy Minister of Defense of the USSR. In 1957 he resigned from the right to wear a military uniform.
He died Marshal Alexander Vasilevsky December 5, 1977 and was buried on Red Square in Moscow.