Olga Bergholz: poet, who have borne many trials
• Olga Bergholz: poet, who have borne many trials
May 16 marks the 107 years since the birth of the famous Soviet poet Olga Bergholz. She was called "the blockade of the Madonna" and "muse of besieged Leningrad", because during the Second World War, she worked at Radio House, and her voice in many inspired hope and faith in salvation. This it owns a line carved on granite memorial Piskaryovsky: "Nobody is forgotten and nothing is forgotten." Poet had experienced the death of loved ones, repression, blockade, war, and to die in peace, in solitude and oblivion.
Olga Bergholz and her parents
Olga was born in 1910 in St. Petersburg in the family of a surgeon. Poems she began writing as a child, and actively published 15 years. When Korney Chukovsky first heard her poems, she said: "Well, what a good girl! Comrades, it will eventually be a real poet. "
Boris Kornilov and Olga Bergholz
In the literary association of young workers "Change" Olga met a young poet Boris Kornilov and married him, and soon they had a daughter, Irina. After graduating from the Faculty of Philology of Leningrad University, she worked as a correspondent in the newspaper "Soviet steppe" in Kazakhstan, where she was sent for distribution. At the same time, the collapse of her marriage with Kornilov. But in real life Bergholz appeared another man - a fellow student Nikolay Molchanov. In 1932, they married and had a daughter, Maya.
Olga Bergholz (third from the left in the second row) with students of the Faculty of Philology
Nikolay Molchanov and Olga Bergholz
And then disaster struck a family, who have since pursued like Olga Bergholz. In 1934, died daughter Maya, and after 2 years - Irina. In 1937, Boris Kornilov announced by the ridiculous about the enemy of the people, and Olga as his ex-wife "for communicating with the enemy of the people" was expelled from the Writers' Union and was fired from the newspaper. Boris Kornilov shot soon, only in 1957, acknowledged that the case was fabricated. Lydia Chukovsky wrote that "trouble walking on her heels."
The Muse of blockade Leningrad
In 1938, Olga Bergholz arrested on a false denunciation as "Trotsky-Zinoviev participant organizations and terrorist groups." In prison, she lost another baby - she was constantly beaten, demanding a confession of involvement in terrorist activities. After that she could not become a mother. Only in July 1939, she was released for lack of evidence.
After months of Olga wrote: "I have not come back from there. Staying home alone, I say aloud, with the investigator, with the Commission, with people - about prison, about the shameful, concocted "my case." All withdrawn prison - poems, events, conversations with people. She stands between me and the life ... took out the soul, digging in her smelly fingers, they spat in her gadili, then shoved it back and say, "Live." It turned out to be prophetic lines:
And generation path
Here's how simple -
Behind the crosses.
Around - a graveyard.
And crosses - in front of ...
In 1941, World War II began, and in early 1942, her husband died. Olga remained in besieged Leningrad and worked in radio, becoming the voice of the besieged city. It was then that her poetic talent manifested itself in full force. To many people, it gave hope, supported and saved. She was called a poet who represents resilience and courage of Leningrad "blockade of the Madonna," "muse of besieged Leningrad". She was the author of the lines about the "hundred twenty-five grams of the blockade, with fire and blood in half."
Disgraced poetess Anna Akhmatova, Olga Bergholz 1947
But after the war the poet again fallen from grace: her books confiscated from the libraries due to the fact that she spoke with Disloyal Anna Akhmatova, and because of "the obsession of the author on issues already resolved the party of repression." Olga felt broken and defeated, in 1952, she even came in a psychiatric hospital because of appearing before the War of alcohol dependence.
The bas-relief set at the entrance to the House Radio
She passed away on November 13, 1975, all abandoned and forgotten. Only in 2010 was published her diaries in which she candidly wrote about his most difficult years - 1939-1949. The monument on her grave appeared only in 2005. And after 10 years muse Olga Bergholz besieged city erected a monument in St. Petersburg.
plaque on the street. Rubinstein, 7, where the poet lived
The monument to poet Olga Bergholz in St. Petersburg