Vending machines in the USSR
The first boom of vending machines Moscow suffered in the 1960s. Then in Malaya Dmitrovka existed unique shop-machine "Progress", in the hall which was not sellers, and in some vending machines, placed all over the city, for a trifle or tokens can be bought not only a glass of soda or a newspaper, but hot coffee, cigarettes, sandwiches, beer and wine. The creator of the Museum of Soviet slot machines Vugman Alexander told how and why there was killed Soviet vending.
Khrushchev's visit to the United States
First appeared in the USSR did not play, and vending machines. I've seen mention of imported machines, which were installed in Moscow to the Festival of Youth and Students in 1957, but I can say that we have massively promote their production and placement of steel after Khrushchev's trip to America in September 1959.
From what he saw while in the States, he was impressed by not only the prospect of the use of corn in the agricultural sector, but also the phenomenon of trade automation, which he watched it all over and decided to move to the USSR. That is why in the late 1950s - early 1960s in our country started production of vending vending machines.
For the most part they were made in the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic - it is there, Khrushchev gave it to production. So that in the Soviet era vending machines in Ukraine was more than in the RSFSR.
The simplest was a newspaper vending machine, which is set at all railway stations and bus stations, and then the subway. It is interesting that was entirely mechanical and had no e-filling.
The coin pressed the lever that unlock the underlying mechanism, and by pressing the knob, you can with the help of a spring arrangement to give him some thin paper. Modern multi-page edition of "Arguments and facts" would not fit there. Later, there were similar machines with electric filling.
In the same years were most probably popular in the USSR machines selling soda water (with or without syrup), which in Moscow, seemed to stand in general on every step. They stayed in Moscow longer than the others and has worked extensively in the 1980s, according to various estimates, the city had 2,000 to 2,800 of these machines.
In the 1960s and 1970s vending machines in Moscow and other major cities were an incredible number and seems to be at the highest level seen in the perspective of the future go entirely to them, giving up living sellers.
In 1960 in Moscow there was even a unique shop-machine "Progress" in Malaya Dmitrovka (then known as the street of Chekhov - Ed...), Where there were no vendors, and devices can be bought Mozhayskoe milk in bottles, condensed milk in cans, bottled oil, cheese, bread and more.
Some machines presented there, selling sandwiches with cheese and sausage, for example, can be found at airports, vehicles for sale sunflower oil - in large department stores of progressive and conventional grocery stores.
In Moscow, 1960-1970 on the streets, in the pubs and shops can be seen machines selling kvass, juices, beer and even wine, milk and ice cream, kerosene and cigarettes, hot tea and coffee, cigarettes, matches, pencils and notebooks. At the entrance to the subway standing machines for the exchange of coins at railway stations and major stations - Ticket.
Washer for sale of beer and wine is most often worked on the chips that must be bought at the cashier cafe or pub where they were installed. Tokens usually have yellow alloy, a diameter of a little less than a nickle, with the words "Ministry of Trade of the USSR" on the one hand and one or two grooves, slots, on the other.
Although beer machines, took a trifle, according to my information, there were also. In some beer on the ground floor is a hall with such guns, but it was already out of the tap in the second filling. Variety, as a rule, been there and there is only one and the same, there was no choice.
Vending machines selling beer and kvass were similar and were carried out so that they could give out two niches are two varieties of the drink. In practice, one was charged, and the choice was not any.
Do not become popular and widespread such devices have not received for the reason that require regular washing throughout the system, and it is very troublesome. In addition, they have been demanding for the installation site: often they were placed in enclosed spaces with dedicated niches, as these machines do not have the side and rear walls.
In general, the need to regularly haul containers with a fresh drink, pour it if it is not sold until the expiration date to make such devices are not the most profitable.
As a result, in early 1980 a unique and experimental "Progress" was closed and most of the Soviet vending machines were dismantled and taken away, leaving the machines on sale of soda and newspapers.
cologne and Music
In old photographs and film "money-changers" you can see the device with built-in mirror, which is 15 cents sprayed your hair and face three grams of cologne. They hung in restaurants, shops and hotels, and sometimes - next to the barber.
Automatic and beautiful, and useful, but unfortunately, he was often incapacitated. His weak point was located at the top of the nebulizer, made in the shape of a flower, which often broke off in the first week after installation.
Music phones, jukebox, or, as they are called today, were installed in restaurants. In the 1960-1970's in the Soviet Union were to be found mainly in the production model Meloman Polish company Unitra Fonica. It is believed that this is how the word "music fan" has penetrated into the Russian language and stuck there forever.
These Polish jukebox can be seen in Soviet films: "100 grams for bravery", "Single". And there is still dedicated to the vending machine Soviet plot "Jumble" "Dostukalsya" for details shows the principle of "Audiophile" which for 5 cents unbeaten record with the currently selected song.