Descendants Polovtsian today
Polovtsi - one of the most mysterious steppe peoples who entered the Russian history with a raid on the principality and the repeated attempts of the rulers of the Russian lands steppe if not win, then at least to negotiate with them. Sami Cumans were defeated by the Mongols and settled large parts of Europe and Asia. Currently there are no people who could build their ancestry directly to the Polovtsy. Yet the descendants of them, of course.
The steppes (Dasht-i-Kipchak - Kipchak, or Polovtsian steppe) lived not only Cumans, but other nations, which is combined with the Polovtsy, then consider independent: for example, the Cumans and Coons. Most likely, the Cumans were not "monolithic" ethnic group, and were divided into tribes. Arab historians of the early Middle Ages allocate 11 tribes, Russian chronicles also show that different tribes Polovtsy lived to the west and east of the Dnieper, to the east of the Volga, near the Seversky Donets.
Map nomadic tribes location.
Polovtsian descendants were many Russian princes - their fathers often took a wife of noble Polovtsian girls. Not so long ago about the dispute on how to actually look Bogolyubskii Prince Andrew. On the reconstruction of Mikhail Gerasimov, in his appearance with Mongoloid features combined Caucasoid. However, some modern scholars such as Vladimir Zvyagin, it is believed that the Mongoloid features in the guise of Prince was not at all.
It looked like Andrew Bogolyubskii: reconstruction performed VN Zvyagin (left) and M. Gerasimov (sprva).
How to look themselves Cumans?
On this account there is no consensus of researchers. The sources of XI-XII centuries Polovtsy often referred to as "yellow". Russian word also probably comes from the word "floors", ie, yellow, straw.
Polovtsian Khan reconstruction.
Some historians believe that was described by the Chinese "dinliny" among Polovtsian ancestors: the people who lived in Southern Siberia and were blonds. But an authoritative researcher Polovtsian Svetlana Pletnev has repeatedly worked with the materials of the mounds, does not agree with the hypothesis of "Blonde" Polovtsian ethnos. "Yellow" can be self-name portion nationality to distinguish themselves, to oppose the others (in the same period, there were, for example, "black" Bulgarian).
The Polovtsian town.
According to Pletnev, the bulk of the Polovtsian was brown-eyed and dark-haired - a Turkic people with Mongoloid admixture. It is possible that among them were people of different type of appearance - polovtsy willingly took wives and concubines Slav, though not princely families. Princes their daughters and sisters never gave nomads. The Polovtsian encampments were Rusich, taken prisoner in the battle, as well as slaves.
of the Polovtsian Sarkel reconstruction
The Hungarian king of the Polovtsy and "Polovtsian Hungarians"
Part of the history of Hungary is directly connected with the Polovtsy. Several Polovtsian delivery settled on its territory as early as 1091. In 1238, pressed by the Mongolians, the Cumans led by Khan Kotyan settled there with the permission of King Bela IV, who were the allies need.
In Hungary, as in some other European countries, Polovtsian called "Cumans". The land on which they began to live, called Kunság (Kunság, Kumanev). In total, the new residence came to 40 thousand people.
Han Kotyan even gave his daughter to the son of Bela Isht
King László Kun. According to his images, he looked far as the Caucasian without admixture of Mongoloid features. Rather, these portraits remind us of familiar from the history books for Reconstruction appearance steppe.
Personal Guard Laszlo consisted of his countrymen, he valued the customs and traditions of his mother's people. Despite the fact that officially he was a Christian, he and other polovtsy even prayed in Kuman (Polovtsian).
Polovtsi Kum gradually assimilated. For some time, until the end of the 14th century, they wore traditional clothes, lived in yurts, but gradually took over the culture of the Hungarians. Cuman language supplanted Hungarian, communal land became the property of the nobility, who also wanted to look more "Hungarian". Kunság area in the XVI century, was subject to the Ottoman Empire. As a result of wars, killing up to half Polovtsy-Kipchaks. A century later completely disappeared and language.
Now distant descendants steppe nothing outwardly no different from the rest of the inhabitants of Hungary - are Caucasian.
Polovtsi several centuries arrived in Bulgaria. In the XII century the area was under Byzantine rule, Polovtsian settlers there were engaged in cattle breeding, tried to enlist.
In the XIII century the number of steppe dwellers who moved to Bulgaria has increased. Some of them came from Hungary after the death of Khan Kotyan. But in Bulgaria they quickly mingled with local, accepted Christianity and lost the special ethnic features. Perhaps now, in a number of Bulgarians Polovtsy flowing blood. Unfortunately, just select genetic traits Polovtsian it is difficult, because the Turkish traits in the Bulgarian ethnic group by virtue of its origin abound. Bulgarian also possess Caucasoid appearance.
Polovetskaya blood Kazakhs, Bashkirs, Uzbeks and Tatars
Many Cumans not migrated - they mixed with the Tatar-Mongols. The Arab historian Al-Omari (Chihab al-Umari) wrote that, having joined the Golden Horde, Cumans moved to the position of subjects. Settled in the territory of the Polovtsian steppe Tatar-Mongols gradually mixed with Polovtsy. Al-Omari concludes that in a few generations Tatars began to look like the Polovtsy: "as if from one (with them) kind" because it started to live on their lands.
In the future, these peoples settled in different regions and participated in the ethnogenesis of many modern nations, including - the Kazakhs, Bashkirs, Kirghiz and other Turkic peoples. exterior types in each of these (and listed in the header section) nations are different, but in each fraction of the Polovtsian flowing blood.
The Crimean Tatars.
Cumans are also among the ancestors of the Crimean Tatars. Steppe dialect of the Crimean Tatar language belongs to the Kipchak group of Turkic languages, and Kipchak - a descendant of the Polovtsian. Polovtsi mixed with the descendants of the Huns, Pechenegs, Khazars. Now, most of the Crimean Tatars - Caucasians (80%), steppe Crimean Tatars have Caucasoid, Mongoloid appearance.